types of ventilation

Ventilation is derived from the Latin word “ventus,” which means “the movement of air” . It refers to the process of continuously providing fresh air to an indoor space by removing or diluting polluted air.


Case Study of Walt Disney Concert Hall

Everyone knows that architecture has been a conservative discipline since the beginning of time. It demands order, stability, function, and logic, but deconstructivism moves away from these constructing rules.

Passive Cooling

Passive cooling techniques

Passive cooling uses cost-free and renewable sources of energy like the wind and sun to provide lighting, cooling, and ventilation for a house. It is a natural or passive way of cooling a building or space without using any mechanical or electrical devices…


Fenestration through daylight

Daylight is an important component of architecture in its historical, theoretical, and technical conceptions, with the ability to inspire people and illuminate design elements. Light’s aesthetic and psychological qualities are combined with building orientation, cross-section, interior finishes, window design, and integration with electric lighting in daylighting design principles. 

Drainage System

What is drainage system

A drainage system that involves the removal of surface water through well-defined pipeline connectivity or channels is known as a drainage system. Drainage systems for buildings are constructed to work under gravity wherever possible.

Doric Order

Example of doric order

The Doric order is one of the simplest and most primitive of the three ancient orders of Greek and Roman architecture. It is easily distinguished by the simple circular capitals at the tops of the columns.

Corinthian Order​

Corinthian order example

The Corinthian order is one of three classical orders in Ancient Greek and Roman architecture. It is the most elaborate of all three orders and was the least developed. This architectural style is characterized by slender fluted columns and elaborate capitals ornate with acanthus leaves and scrolls.


Curb stone seperating road and sidewalk

In architecture, a curb or kerb is an element that is present at the edges of roads, streets, and highways. It is used to highlight the roads, separates the road from the sidewalks, and provide a good flow of surface water drainage to the road.


Use of cornice in architecture

In architecture, a cornice is a decorative element that is typically found between walls and a roof or ceiling. It is also found in many furniture pieces as a crown and highlighting element, mainly over a door, window, or above kitchen cabinets and bookcases. Cornices are used in residential and commercial buildings’ exteriors and interiors to serve an aesthetic as well as functional purpose.

Gothic Architecture

Milan cathedral is an example of a Gothic Architectural Style

Gothic architecture is a kind of medieval European architecture that flourished from the middle of the 12th century through the 16th century and, in certain places, continued into the 17th and 18th centuries. [1] [2] [4] It developed from Romanesque architecture, and Renaissance architecture replaced it.