A drainage system that involves the removal of surface water through well-defined pipeline connectivity or channels is known as a drainage system. Drainage systems for buildings are constructed to work under gravity wherever possible.
The Doric order is one of the simplest and most primitive of the three ancient orders of Greek and Roman architecture. It is easily distinguished by the simple circular capitals at the tops of the columns.
The Corinthian order is one of three classical orders in Ancient Greek and Roman architecture. It is the most elaborate of all three orders and was the least developed. This architectural style is characterized by slender fluted columns and elaborate capitals ornate with acanthus leaves and scrolls.
In architecture, a curb or kerb is an element that is present at the edges of roads, streets, and highways. It is used to highlight the roads, separates the road from the sidewalks, and provide a good flow of surface water drainage to the road.
In architecture, a cornice is a decorative element that is typically found between walls and a roof or ceiling. It is also found in many furniture pieces as a crown and highlighting element, mainly over a door, window, or above kitchen cabinets and bookcases. Cornices are used in residential and commercial buildings’ exteriors and interiors to serve an aesthetic as well as functional purpose.
In construction, the coping or capping is built on the compound wall, parapet wall, and boundary wall. Coping is provided to avoid the seepage of water into walls during the rainy season. The water gets drained by the slope provided in the coping. Coping also adds to the overall appearance of a building or wall. The slope of 1:20 is provided to drain the water during the rainy season.
The Composite and Tuscan Orders were introduced by the Romans, increasing the total number of architectural orders to five. Orders were widely utilized as aesthetic embellishments, but they were also used productively in temple colonnades. To achieve more height, the Romans put their orders on pedesta
In architecture and building construction, a column or pillar is the most significant structural element that aids in the transmission of load from above to the ground. The column carries all of the loads from the slab, beam, ceiling, and arches and transfers them to the footing and into the earth. Columns are similar to bones in the human body. Bones provide us strength, keep us steady, and transport all of our body weight to our legs. In the buildings, the columns operate just like that. It is essential to the structure’s surviv
A clapboard, also known as a weatherboard, bevel siding, or lap siding, is used to cover the outer frame of a building to keep water out. Each one is placed horizontally on the outer wall, overlapping the one below it and making a weather-tight surface. They are generally available from 150 to 200mm in width and 15 to 16mm in thickness. For the first time, cleft oak clapboard was used during the 17th century in New England, and after that, clapboard was also made using pine, cypress, and ced
Cladding refers to any material which is used to cover the primary structure of a building. It acts as a non-structural system that protects the roof or exterior walls from rain, sunlight, and other environmental conditions. Cladding adds one more layer to the external wall or roof. The cladding system consists of an outer weather protective layer, screen, or fillers attached with the help of brackets, gaskets, flashing, sealants, and other