A bedroom is a room in a home or building with a bed primarily used for sleeping or resting. It is furnished according to the convenience of the occupant so that it can be comfortable for the user. Bedrooms are typically furnished with full, double, king, or queen-size beds, a wardrobe, a bedside table, a dressing table, a T.V. unit, and sofas.  These pieces of furniture are required in every bedroom; bedrooms are typically designed to accommodate the comfort of one or two people. It is a private area where people do their private activities, so it should be designed to fulfill all the user’s needs. 
Facilities are required for:
- Leisure (like music, dance, computers, etc.)
- Storing goods
- Additional facilities:-
- Attached Toilet/Bathroom 
- Walk-in Closet
- Sit out
Suitable location of the Bedroom as per Vaastu
As per “Vaastu Shastra,” the suitable location for the bedroom is in the “South-West” direction. This is because when we sleep, our heads should face south and our feet should face north. 
Bedrooms should not be located under or adjacent to circulation areas or rooms of a different function in another dwelling. 
Types of Bedrooms based on the layout
- The standard dimensions of a bedroom are 3000 mm by 3600 mm.
- The standard dimensions of a master bedroom are 4200 mm by 4800 mm.
- The layout of bedrooms can be designed in many ways; it depends on the user and the needs of the space.
- Institutional and commercial bedrooms can have different layouts as per the needs of different users or the design.
- Some bedrooms with smaller areas meet the needs better than larger ones due to room layout. 
Design Parameters for the Bedroom
Factors to consider while designing a bedroom
- Circulation inside the bedroom is smooth; furniture placement is not becoming an obstruction to movement.
- Furniture placement is very necessary, and sticking with standard-sized furniture is also important.
- While designing a bedroom, you should highly consider the position of the window or balcony because it is the source of natural light, air, and a good view option.
- While distributing the spaces, privacy should be maintained. 
Minimum/Maximum height of the furniture
- The average bed height with mattress thickness should be between 400 and 650 mm. We can also change the height as per the comfort level of the user.
- The height of the study table should be 750 mm. 
- The dressing table’s height should be between 750 and 800 mm.
- The preferable height of the wardrobe should be between 1900mm and 2350mm, but users are opting for full-length wardrobe height these days.
- The minimum height of the bedside table should be between 450 to 550mm.
For more standard dimensions for furniture click here (You can also download these CAD Blocks, for free):-
Standard Clear space from the furniture
- The bed should have a clear space of 450mm to 600mm for bed-making.
- There should be a clear space of 1500mm in front of the study table to easily sit and move while studying.
- The clear depth of the wardrobe should be 600mm, and a minimum of 900 to 1200mm of clear space is needed to operate it. 
- The furniture should be placed at least 30mm to 50mm away from the wall. 
- At least 75 mm of clear space between two pieces of furniture. 
Circulation inside the bedroom
- The double bed should have a clearance of 600 to 750 mm around it for smooth circulation.
- Any furniture should not be placed in the way of circulation.
- Spaces should be well divided to avoid unusual movement.
Ergonomics/ Standard dimensions related to bedroom
The ergonomics of the bedroom can be fulfilled by taking care of the facilities and comfort of the users. Below are some standard bedroom dimensions for easy moving and standard living. The bedroom is a private area, and it should have all the leisure activities so we can relax in a good environment. (Source: Neufert, Timesavers, Metric Handbook, etc.)
Standard Sizes of Bed
Sizes can changes from location to location and as per user need.
|Standard Bed Sizes|
Source:- Timesavers for interior design
Avoid mistakes while designing the bedroom
There’s nothing worse than not giving the user enough space to freely move around in any space (a bedroom or any room). The circulation needs to be smooth; it should not collide with any furniture, and there should be good clearance from the furniture. A minimum of 600–750 mm of space is required for one person to move freely.
Ignoring the position of the window
The position of the window is a deciding factor in the good design of the bedroom because the window is connected to many benefits like view, air, and natural light. Windows provide a sense of connectivity to the outside world for a user in their bedroom. Good surrounding views, proper air with cross ventilation, morning sun, and natural light are the benefits we get if the position of the window is good.
Choosing incorrectly sized furniture.
The furniture did more than just fill a space; it met our needs and provided numerous benefits. Wrong-sized furniture does not just affect the design; it all creates chaos for the user. That is for the standard dimensions of the furniture to be followed for a good environment in any space.
Inadequate connection of spaces
The connection of spaces creates the best design and makes it more functional. We needed to make extra efforts to avoid this without connecting the spaces, so we need to give more time to connecting the spaces while designing them. Like the placement of the bed, TV unit, sit-out area, dresser, and toilet. These spaces need to be connected in a good manner.
Not utilizing vertical space
The vertical spaces also need proper attention, as do the horizontal spaces. Creating a good arrangement with vertical spaces can provide extra space for horizontal spaces or increase circulation.
A Question for the Readers
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